Assessment of significance

The Inventory of Designed Landscapes recognised Galloway House as having the following values:

Work of art High The grandeur of the 18th and 19th century designed landscape gives Galloway House high value as a work of art although it is in poor condition today.
Historical High There has been extensive designed landscape at Galloway House since the early 18th century. Lord Garlies redesigned it in the mid-18th century and its long connection with the Earls of Galloway gives it high historical value.
Horticultural High The collection of trees and shrubs, particularly early hybrid rhododendron, gives Galloway House high horticultural value.
Scenic High The woodland canopy contributes to the surrounding countryside which is mainly rolling grassland and gives Galloway House high scenic value.
Nature conservation Some The woodland flora, especially under the 18th century trees in the woodland garden, gives this site some nature conservation value.

A study conducted in conjunction with Solway Heritage concluded the following:

  • The structure is an essential feature of the landscape and should be the foremost consideration for conservation. The structure includes the woodlands, parks and policies, and the features relating to them, i.e. paths, views, tree canopy boundary walls, etc.
  • Within this structure, the extensive plant collection established earlier this century is of high value but much of this has been lost or may be reaching maturity. Careful consideration should be given to conserving it in the light of maintenance constraints.
  • The walled garden is of considerable importance, owing not only to its place in the overall 18th century design but also to the presence of the early glasshouses. Through the work of James Day (head gardener 1880–1913), Galloway House was previously held in high regard for the quality of its fruit growing and, in particular, the Galloway Pippin apple.

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